In 1907 brothers Christian and Joseph Steidinger began manufacturing clockwork and gramophone parts in the Black Forest town of St. Georgen. In 1927, Gebrüder Steidinger (Steidinger Bros.) adopted the name Dual in reference to the dual-mode power supplies it pioneered. The power supplies allowed gramophones to be powered from mains electricity or with a wind-up mechanism. Soon thereafter, Dual began producing turntables of its own.
After World War II, Dual became the biggest manufacturer of turntables in Europe, with more than 3,000 employees working in several factories. Throughout the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s, Dual introduced audio cassette players, VCRs, CD players, and other consumer electronics.
But when Japanese consumer electronics started entering European markets in the 1970s on a large scale, Dual as most other traditional German manufacturers underwent a big crisis: Japanese products usually offered more features at a cheaper price in a much more modern package. Dual went bankrupt in 1982, and was sold to French electronic manufacturer Thomson SA. In 1988, Thomson sold Dual to German manufacturer Schneider Rundfunkwerke AG.
1 - Electrolytic capacitors are among the most important in an audio equipment and replacing them with high-quality capacitors from the factory will improve the sound quality
2 - Electrolytic capacitors have life of work 1000-2000h then begin to lose their qualities
3 - The use of Audio-Grade Capacitor Nichicon / Elna which are made specifically for audio equipment from high-end will make your machine in good times higher
What is audio grade capacitor?
This is capacitors specifically for audio applications. These are designed to give premium sound quality when compared to general purpose capacitors. Nichicon's MUSE series and Elna SILMIC II, ideally suited for first class audio equipment where qualitative and quantitative characteristics are required.
What you should know when you make replacement
1 Mark all cables when separate circuit boards to avoid confusion in the assembly
2 All capacitors meet on parameters of old, replace them one by one so as not to get confused!